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China’s Great Wall – The more defensive building of antiquity

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China’s Great Wall – The more defensive building of antiquity







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The principles of the construction
of the wall of China were to
defend itself from attacks by
nomadic peoples of the North.
Although I was built in several
stages, the first stage was built on
the instructions of Qin Shi
Huangdi, also Shi Huangdi, or
Ts’in She Huang-Ti (259-210 BC),
first emperor of China and
founder of the Chin dynasty.
Talking about 400,000 people
working in construction during
the reign of Qin Shi Huanti and
their descendants, however, the
great wall continued to grow for
more than 1500 years, with
different materials and
characteristics depending on the
region, the rulers of the dynasty
have followed preserving and
lengthening the wall. Its
construction ceased definitively in
the 17TH century during the
predominance of the Ming
dynasty.
Apparently using slaves and
conscripts as labour. Took place
this great work, in the first stories
of Jesuits who visited the place
speaks of the cruel and ruthless
treatment the slaves, they said
that if it was a hole where a nail
could pass, their heads rolled
down the ground in front of all
the other recruits so that they
were thus warned.
There are also legends of widows
who had to mourn the death of
their husbands mainly dying by
the unending effort and abuse of
the guards, for example that of
the widow – a Chiag expect ten
years the return of her husband,
until, in a fit of value, went to
look for it. The soldiers who rode
guard they answered, laughing,
that her husband had died, and
that if I wanted to see it again
had to demolish the wall herself.
Then he went crying to the gods
and I cry so much and so much
that tears they undercut the foot
of the wall and this is derrumbo,
appearing between the stones, the
body of her husband.
It is said that the fifth of the
Chinese population contributed in
different times in the construction
of the great wall and that many of
the bodies of the workers who
died, add historical documents,
were used to pay off the weight of
the stones. The great wall,
crossing mountains and rivers,
remains one of the great wonders
of the world and many of the
stones that were used in its
construction measuring more than
two metres and exceed the weight
ton.
Historians refer to engravings that
describe groups of workmen
carrying stones on the shoulders
and donkey carts dragging heavy
loads. According to experts, the
number of stones and pottery
used in the construction of the
great wall is could have erected a
wall of five meters high and one
meter wide around the Earth.
The most famous part of the great
wall, which is located near
Beijing, in the locality known as
Badaling, was built during
dynasty Ming (1368 to 1644 AD),
and it is considered world
heritage.
The wall had a height of seven or
eight meters, reaching ten in
some points with a width of seven
meters at the base and six at the
crest, the floors were based on a
mixture of stone and mortar
compacted with rollers made
from trunks of tree in four or six
layers, put torres a spaced
according to the inclination of the
landthey had terraces to make
optical signals from one to
another, the floors are paved and
had very good circulation, also
avoided stairs and put ramps,
which tells us that it was used as
a means of communication
It was used to move people and
weapons at high speed from one
side to another, also transported
caravans that ranged from
China’s huge cities to the Persian
Gulf and from qui to Eastern
Mediterranean ports, thus had
access to European markets.
The new Chinese regime, careful
attention to the symbols of the
past regarded as symbols of
creativity and popular suffering,
but absorbed by major problems,
has not been considered among
his most important objectives the
reconstruction of the wall.The
partial work carried out so far
have focused on three points
mainly: the steps of shan-hai
Kuan and Kuan Chia-Yu and Ba-
Da Ling Fort.
Tell the Chinese that their great
wall is the only terrestrial
construction visible from the
moon. It is much to say, because
the astronauts who have gone to
the moon have not confirmed it.
Because of its size the great wall
tells us that is a construction to
defense for excellence as a
barrier let wish already fulfilled
its role only with bandits who
came from afar, but when armies
was well organized this was
quickly overcome.
In an article on internet says that
Chinese experts have recently
discovered that the great wall is
300 years older than previously
thought, and that its first
construction dates back to more
than 2500 years, researchers
reported.
So far, the experts claimed that
the great wall had been built
during the reign of Emperor Qin
Shihuang (221-207 BC), one of the
most famous Chinese monarchs,
but just find remains of the great
wall in Shandong province
(northeast), which ruled the
dynasty Qi (770-476 BC). The part
of the great wall built under the
reign of Qi begins in a small
village in Changqing County, in
Shandong province, and
continues down to the sea, where
it ends near the city of Qingdao,
covering a total of 620 km.
According to studies, this section
of the wall had 12 passes, nine
gates, 50 torres and 12
lighthouses, and it took 170 years
in its construction, to fortify the
South of the Kingdom of Qi. The
source added that the State of Qi
was one of the most powerful of
its time and that he ordered to
build the first part of the great
wall to protect themselves from
other seven kingdoms that fought
for hegemony in the nation, and
they were Chu, Yan, Han, Zhao,
Wei and Qin.
Also in another article, he said
that there is another section that
belongs to the wall, which had
not discovered. The additional
section is located in the desert of
Lop Nur, in the Northwest
Chinese autonomous region of
Xinjiang, until now known for
being the place chosen by the
Beijing Government to carry out
nuclear tests.
The President of the China Society
of Cultural Heritage and highest
authority regarding what to the
great wall, Luo Zhewen, ensures
that the section “without any
doubt” belongs to the wall
defensive traversing China from
East to West, since it consists in
the wall of the city and the
watchtowers, forming a complete
defensive system.
This wall is identical to sections of
the Jiayu pass and Yumen pass in
terms of style and architectural
features, although the newly
found section was built with
yellow gravel and branches of
jara.




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